Category Archives: History

Propaganda during the Korean War

Propaganda was very popular during the Korean war. They were created with very poor quality and dropped by aircraft. The leaflets were directed to the enemy while others had words of encouragement towards UN troops. Details and illustrations concerning the leaflets were often times expressing the brutality of the enemies actions. KW

“Many young North Korean men are dying needlessly every day due to ever-increasing hardships. At the same time they are becoming the slaves of the Chinese Communists.”

http://dpmachenry.tripod.com/propwar.htm

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Propaganda – World War II

warbonds-405x248Propaganda was used in war to either show what kind of enemy we were facing, to try to get more soldiers to fight for our country, or in this case try to raise money for the war.  In this particular photo (poster), during World War II, that was hanged up everywhere in the U.S. to try to raise funds for the war.  In the poster it basically says that we should buy bonds or else we lose the war.  If shown today, this will probably not encourage people to buy bonds, but then, a lot of people gave in.  CLICK PICTURE FOR SOURCE.

Media Reliability – Grenada Conflict

GrenadaWarehouseIn this war it was hard to send reporters with the soldiers to report and show the U.S. what is going on in that small island.  Since it was kind of hard to get images or any type of news back to distribute, they mostly relied on the Pentagon’s images.  The image on the left is one of the few images that appeared to show a warehouse brimming with Soviet weaponry (DoD/Wikimedia).  CLICK PICTURE FOR SOURCE.

News Sources – World War II

During World War II, the media was sky rocketing through the roof.  The three sources that were essential to letting Americans know about the war front were radio broadcasts, newspapers, and newsreels.  According to Emma Belle Petcher, “Everybody had a radio during the war.”  The radio broadcasts gave lifelike pictures in the minds of families in the U.S. that wanted to hear what is happening to the oversea troops.

Sources: News & Censorship

Propaganda– Vietnam War

Media Coverage

During the war, Propaganda and war funding were a major press concern. It was all about fueling American Patriotism while simultaneously informing on the war’s events.   viet29

Media’s Role– Vietnam War

Although the war was increasingly gruesome, television sets were responsible for portraying what the purpose for the fight was. The war never concerned anyone at its start, so the press took no interest in releasing much news. Media Role in the Vietnam War

Press– Vietnam War

The Vietnam War sparked what was known as the first televised war filled with significantly less censorship. According to Daniel Hallin in “Vietnam on Television,” “This story could never have passed the censorship of World War II or Korea, and it generated an angry reaction from Lyndon Johnson.”     Vietnam on Televisionvietnamonte

George Creel and the Committee on Public Information (WWI)

The Committee on Public Information’s prevalence during the first world war came about because of George Creel’s efforts in creating American propaganda. Creel’s mission was to gain supporters for the United States’ involvement in World War I. Creel, being a massive supporter of Woodrow Wilson, used the CPI to help Wilson’s cause with propaganda at home and abroad. The CPI’s efforts also extended into the censorship of newspapers. This involved editors agreeing to not run stories that could affect Woodrow Wilson’s campaign for progressivism. His work seemed to have payed off, considering his supporters credited CPI for lining up American public opinion behind the war effort.

Source: “George Creel.” American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2016. Web. 6 Mar. 2016

Matthew Brady’s Impact on the Civil War

Matthew Brady is seen as an important part of the Civil War in terms of telling the story as it happened by recording moments through his photography. Although he did not take many pictures during combat, he was able to show the effects of the war through his photos of soldiers and their camp life. One example was when he photographed soldiers after combat, gathered by a cooking fire, but near this site were corpses of fallen soldiers. Photos like the latter allowed for moments in history to be captured exceptionally, which at the time spoke volumes about the struggles that the American people faced during those trying times. Brady’s extraordinary exploits as a photographer appropriately led to him being known as the “father of photojournalism”.

Source: Byrd, Max. “Mathew Brady: Portraits Of A Nation.” Wilson Quarterly 37.4 (2013): 124-128. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.

Freedom of Speech During the Civil War

Abraham Lincoln had many crucial decisions to make during the Civil War. His displeasure with “disloyal speech” from those he thought supported him in the Union, subsequently led to some questionable decisions concerning American’s freedom of speech. Lincoln appointed General Ambrose Burnside as the Union Commander of the Department of Ohio, who issued General Order Number 38 after being appalled by people denouncing soldiers for their efforts. He considered this to be disloyal speech, so the order made it so that no “treasonable expressions” could get into the newspapers. If someone were to challenge this order, then they would potentially be arrested and prosecuted.

Source: Stone, Geoffrey R. “Abraham Lincoln’s First Amendment.” New York University Law Review 78.1 (2003): 1. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.